Localization And Land Planning For EV Infrastructure

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In recent years, India has taken commendable initiatives to curb the alarming carbonization of the environment. India is now one of the nations worldwide that foresee at least 30% of new vehicle sales be electric by 2030 and supports the global campaign of EV30@30.  ‘The Handbook for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Implementation – Version 1‘is the recent report rolled out by the Indian government that predicts the roadmap of EV infrastructure. This article will give glimpses of localization efforts for charging infrastructure based on it.

The Ministry of Power (MoP) provides the following minimum requirements for the location of public charging stations: At least one charging station should be available in a grid of 3km x 3km and One charging station to be set up every 25km on both sides of highways/roads, stratified in the report.

Public charging in India is still a hiccup in the EV ecosystem. This report has highlighted some of the policy reforms to scale up this activity.

Principles of Planning Public Charging

A better network of EV infrastructure requires several levels of surveys. ‘SNAs or ULBs may conduct or commission a location planning study as part of their mandate to ensure a well-planned public charging network’, mentioned in the report. There are three key principles of locating the planning framework: maximize accessibility, maximize utilization and maximize cost.

The former can be understood as the ease of finding and getting to public charging facilities from any location A greater number of distributed charging points in an area reduces the average distance EV users must travel to access public charging. The next followed parameter talks about the prominent utilization of infrastructure which may depend upon employment densities, parking availability, traffic volumes, presence of points of interest such as commercial establishments, transit stations, or tourist destinations, etc. And the last one sees the cost of EVSE, cost of land, and cost of power supply.

Site Selection Analysis

Location planning for public charging infrastructure can be conducted through a digitized geospatial analysis or as an on-ground exercise, depending on the scale of planning and the quality of geospatial data available’, suggested in the report. For smaller areas like neighborhoods, the efficacy of a geospatial analysis will depend on the availability of highly disaggregated spatial data.

Under the FAME II scheme, currently, there is predicted deploying 2,622 EV charging stations, each with 6-8 charging points, across 62 cities. This will add between 15,000 and 20,000 charging points across the country, which can significantly boost access to charging infrastructure.

Space Requirements per electrical estimates; Courtesy: The Handbook for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Implementation – Version 1

When planning for EV charging integration at a given site, the following planning guidelines should be kept in mind:  Allocate space that is easily accessible and clearly visible from the site entrance, Select the charging location to minimize civil work and wiring requirements, where possible, Follow all safety provisions for EV charging planning as defined by the CEA (Measures relating to Safety and Electric Supply) (Amendment) Regulations, 2019, Clearly demarcate the parking spaces reserved for EV charging with appropriate signage and markings and Provide ample space for vehicle circulation i.e. to enter and exit the charging bays.”

Land Allocation

The setting up public charging is may face challenges in terms of higher tariffs of the land. In many cases, the ownership of the land parcel on which EV charging is to be installed is not clear. Also, as per the surveys, most of the available on/off-street parking reservations are illegal. Public parking is often operated by contractors that are unwilling to provide space for EV charging at sub-market rates.  

All-in-All The nation still needs to plan by various methods. Some are town planning schemes and land pooling citations. To boost the accessibilities of public charging, the parking policies might have to integrate with the EV infra suits. This may improve the zonal expansion in accommodating charging facilities. As a promotion, the local authorities can mandate a minuscule share of existing public parking spaces be reserved for EV charging.

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