India Promotes Hydrogen As Automotive Fuel

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Shri R.K. Singh, Union Minister for Power and New and Renewable Energy in a written reply in Lok Sabha informed that, various hydrogen powered vehicles have been developed and demonstrated in India.

These include 6 Fuel Cell buses (by Tata Motors Ltd.), 50 hydrogen enriched CNG (H-CNG) buses in Delhi(by Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. in collaboration with Govt. of NCT of Delhi), 2 hydrogen fuelled Internal Combustion Engine buses (by IIT Delhi in collaboration with Mahindra & Mahindra), fifteen hydrogen fuelled 3-wheelers (by IIT Delhi in collaboration with Mahindra & Mahindra), 2 Hydrogen-Diesel dual fuel cars(by Mahindra & Mahindra) and one fuel cell car (by CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, CSIR-Central Electrochemical Laboratory and CSIR-National Physical Laboratory).

India has launched its Hydrogen Energy Mission in 2021-22 for generating Hydrogen from green power sources. The aim of the mission is to scale up Green Hydrogen production and utilization across multiple sectors, including transportation. The draft Mission document is currently under inter-ministerial consultation.

Also Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has notified Hydrogen as a fuel for automotive application for Bharat Stage VI vehicles.

MoRTH has specified the safety and type approval requirements for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in Automotive Industry Standard (AIS) 157. In 2020, 18% blend of Hydrogen with CNG (HCNG) has been notified as an automotive fuel.

An R&D project titled “Design and Development of 20 kW Low Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell with high indigenous content” has been sanctioned by MNRE to International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Chennai at a total project cost of Rs 21.42 crores.

Further, Department of Science and Technology has launched Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Program and Advanced Hydrogen and Fuel Cell program to support research on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell.

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