According to a deal released by Germany’s future government of Social Democrats, Greens, and Free Democrats, the country has intended to eliminate the distribution of combustion-engine automobiles by establishing an aspirational target of having at least 15 million battery-powered cars on the road by the end of the decade.
However, it is also evident that in order to achieve this target, the country has to rapidly phase out the use of vehicles driven by the use of fossil fuels and escalate the production of electric vehicles.
According to Volker Quaschning, professor of renewable energy systems at the University of Applied Sciences, Berlin, the ambitious goal of the government can only be achieved if the registration of vehicles driven by combustion engines is banned by 2028.
In accordance with Bloomberg’s report, the country currently has 570,00 registered electric vehicles that comprise only 1% of the country’s fleet. Furthermore, it is required that the sales and manufacturing of electric vehicles be elevated by 33% a year through 2030 to reach the goal.
However, the government has already struggled to fulfil early targets for electric vehicle usage, including failing to meet former Chancellor Angela Merkel’s commitment to have one million battery-powered vehicles on the road by 2020.
Germany also has challenges in improving consumer knowledge and affordability, which some experts believe may be recalcitrant to such attempts. However, thanks to the extension of subsidies and incentives, Germany has made significant progress in EV registration over the last year, more than doubling it.
TU Dortmund University’s researcher from the department of transport planning, Giulio Mattioli said that “There isn’t much substance in the coalition agreement when it comes to obtaining such high levels of EV sales in practice,”
In accordance with Mattioli, it will take considerable persuasion to convince consumers to switch to EVs.
Nonetheless, if Germany’s targets are met, it will be ahead of wider European Union goals to phase out petrol and diesel cars by 2035.
“According to the European Commission’s plans, only CO2-neutral cars will be authorized in Europe’s transport sector in 2035 – this would have an earlier effect in Germany,” Germany’s coalition agreement adds.
The pact further suggests that only the cars that can be refuelled with e-fuels be registered.